Peer-to-peer feedback – a great idea in your curriculum

Peer-to-peer feedback – a great idea in your curriculum

Last modified: 06.09.2021

Peer-to-peer feedback is a learning activity where students – as the name suggests -give each other feedback. This activity can be utilized in many different ways and thus provides a lot of different didactic and pedagogical advantages. This article offers an overview of these advantages and you will be presented with a range of arguments and things to consider when applying peer-to-peer feedback as a study activity in your curriculum.  

Activated students

Peer-to-peer feedback must happen on a foundation of professional knowledge, and it is therefore necessary for the students to be well oriented in their curriculum. Thus, by asking the students to give peer-to-peer feedback on each other’s material, you activate them. Since the students experience a responsibility towards each other, the active role is motivating and the students experience a bigger insight into their learning goals, since they must know these to give the right feedback to other students. 

You sharpen the students´ PBL-competences 

By peer-to-peer feedback the students gain insight into both giving, receiving, and act on the given feedback and thus sharpen the PBL-competences in regards to developing knowledge in cooperation with others.  When the peer-to-peer feedback process is in action, the students are on their own for a while and therefore responsible for their own education. This develops their PBL-competences even more. The students are in a situation, where they must have a critical approach to, argument for their opinions of, and reflect upon, the curriculum. The students achieve a higher understanding of their curriculum and a deeper insight into their learning process. 

You create a safe learning space 

When the students are tasked with giving feedback to each other it provides the pedagogical advantage that the students learns how to take advantage of each other in their studies. This study activity can therefore further a safe learning space which will benefit the students in the long run and not just during the feedback activity. 

You can support different activities 

Peer-to-peer feedback can happen in different ways. You can let the students preform peer-to-peer feedback in singles, in groups, as an active part of their lectures, or let it be an activity happening outside of the lectures. 

Peer-to-peer can happen by utilizing different learning technologies depending on which form for peer-to-peer feedback you wish to perform. The main rule is, that all learning technologies that have some sort of commentary function can be used. However, some technologies will be a better match, depending on the shape of the feedback activity. For example, Moodle and Peergrade gives the opportunity to plan an activity where the students can upload text files and afterwards be matched with other students, whereas Padlet is better suited for a fast paced activity where the students can give feedback in the form of a like-button or a commentary thread. 

A lot of advantages – but remember! 

Even though peer-to-peer feedback has a lot of advantages and can be utilized across educations and faculties, you should still give some thought to the students´ professional level and the timing of the semester. If the students have not yet achieved a higher understanding of the curriculum, it can be difficult and challenging for them to give feedback to others. You should therefore not initiate the activity until you are confident that the students have reached a level where they feel comfortable with the curriculum. 

You can always get help at CDUL 

If you wish to utilize peer-to-peer feedback as a learning activity in your curriculum, but are unsure how, please contact us at CDUL. Our two Digital Learning Consultants, Lisa  Klemm  and  Jonas Svenstrup Sterregaard  have held a webinar about peer-to-peer feedback, and you are very welcome to contact them directly.